Assad, his wife, and others have banned the US from stopping foreign investment for the Syrian regime

The Trump administration announced new sanctions on Wednesday against the government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and began enforcing stronger sanctions law against the US.

The Caesar Act - named after a Syrian military war photographer who smuggled thousands of photographs of Assad government violence and butcher victims - has banned many top Syrian individuals from sending "serious chilling effects to outside investors." It is considering doing business with the Assad regime, ”said a senior administration official.

After a nine-year war for a political settlement, the US has increased economic pressure to take the Assad government and its auxiliary Russia to the negotiating table. Although the country's economy has collapsed in recent months, so far, Assad and Moscow have gone on a campaign to conquer the last rebel stronghold and declare military victory.

Many Syrian officials and dignitaries targeted on Wednesday are already under US sanctions, including Assad himself and businessman Mohammed Hansho, who accuse him of using the regime's close ties to win a renegotiation deal.

Prominent among the newly accepted names are Asa al-Assad, once considered the "Rose in the Desert" by the British-born First Lady Vogue magazine in Syria. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo called Wednesday "one of Syria's most notorious war profiteers" in a statement.

In all, there are 39 men, businesses, and departments in the Syrian army, which were blacklisted by the U.S. Treasury Department on Wednesday. Many are involved in the development of real estate in the country, fighting or even bringing foreign investment into the land that was stolen from the Syrian displaced by the government.

US Special Envoy to Syria James Jaffrey said, "We are not going to reward everyone for Assad destroying his country and rebuilding it."

The Syrian Foreign Ministry has "ignored all international laws and regulations," the Syrian state media said.

The war in Syria, which began in 2011 as a democratic uprising against Assad's repressive regime, has turned into a bloody civil war after the brutal crackdown on dissent by dissidents. Soon, jihadist groups and foreign powers took advantage of the turmoil, causing even more violence - now than 11 million people have been left homeless and at least 500,000 have died.

According to World Bank estimates, the country needs hundreds of billions of dollars to escape widespread destruction.

Unwilling to intervene directly in the conflict outside of the fight against ISIS, the United States financed Russia under pressure, promoted Assad with force, arms and money, and encouraged his ally in Damascus for political negotiations. Eradicate Moscow on foot. Reconstruction bill only.

"If anyone does business with the Assad regime, who in the world is subject to travel restrictions and financial restrictions," Pompeo said in his statement.

The sanctions were unveiled on Wednesday, targeting only three companies outside the country - an Austrian company and two telecommunication companies - Canada and Lebanon.

According to Tobias Schneider, a researcher at the Global Public Policy Institute in Berlin, "This year's first-round certainly won't shake up the Syrian government, despite the fact that there are more positions in the summer."

A senior administration official told ABC News that more sanctions are targeted and that the blacklist on Wednesday will help curb foreign investment in the country.

We think the plans are too small for vehicles and others as outside investors recognize the tremendous risk posed by the Caesar Act, ”the official said.

"You and anyone, and I can guarantee you will hear the Assad regime. Of course, there will be more and more such actions. There will certainly be severe economic and political pressure, and it will continue and will continue until the Assad regime. Said the officer on occasion.

After the truss caused by the coronavirus pandemic that airstrikes had begun in recent weeks, Assad and Moscow had not stopped the process until it became the last rebel stronghold in Idlib province. Assad intends to repel Idlib, who is sometimes aided by pro-regime forces, with the support of the rebels in Syria's northern neighbor Turkey, with Russian air power and arms.

Whenever he wins the battlefield in Idlib, Assad faces a new economic crisis that has led to new protests in some government-controlled areas of the country and unrest within the Syrian ruling elite.

When opposition forces are in the suburbs of Damascus and are living in Aleppo and most parts of the country, Assad's situation is at its worst, Jeffrey said.

In particular, there have been some tremendous protests over the financial crisis, as the country's currency has plummeted, unemployment rates have soared and government salaries have become useless.

Amid those budget shortfalls, the government has pressured wealthy Syrian business leaders to bear their costs, while Rami Makhlouf, the country's most notorious financier and cousin and Assad's confidant, has publicly called on social media. Social media. To pay him.

According to Mick Mulroy, Trump's top Pentagon official for Middle East policy, the US should take advantage of the growing frustration of these fractures. To do so, he called for continued US funding for stabilization projects such as restoration and mining of basic services such as water and health care in areas left by US-backed Syrian fighters - known as the Syrian Democratic A's largely Kurdish militant force. Forces.

"We must do everything we can to help the Syrian people to end the Syrian regime. "We will continue to put pressure on Assad, but I hope that we will fully finance our stabilization efforts. Both are necessary."

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