China oversees nuclear deal negotiations between US and Russia


Diplomats and experts have warned that President Donald Trump has urged China to engage in a debate that could impede the renewal of an important deal, as US-Russia begins talks on the future of the world's two largest nuclear weapons in Vienna on Monday. Start a new nuclear weapons race.


In these talks, Russia's chief ambassador told NBC News that the Kremlin does not currently believe the United States will expand the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty or New Start in 2011, which was approved by President Barack Obama and closed in February. Causing.

Washington has pulled out of several other agreements between the two former Cold War foes since Trump took office.

Russia's Deputy Foreign Minister Sergey Rabykov called the US position on "Confirmation for Confirmation" before coming to Vienna.

He acknowledged, however, that some of Russia's recent nuclear weapons systems for the United States could be placed under the "umbrella" of the current agreement, as part of a mutual arrangement to cover new US weapons, including advanced missile defense systems. Moscow has had a major controversy in recent years.

Rybakov said Russia was unable to force China to participate in the negotiations and was unwilling to try. If Washington is concerned about Beijing's nuclear activities, he said, the US authorities are the ones to bring the Chinese into flight.

“The U.S. administration is very impressed with China right now,” he said, which makes progress impossible. "Chinese food, in my view, is everything else."

Independent estimates by governments and many analysts and groups, including the Nuclear Threat Initiative, suggest that both the US and Russia have at least 5,000 nuclear weapons, but New Start's regulations mean that the two countries are not actively deploying 1,550 active intercontinental warheads, intercontinental ballistic missiles or intercontinental ballistic missiles. This agreement allows each country to conduct repeated checks in accordance with the regulations.

The current agreement expires on February 5, 2011, until it is extended for another five years - this process does not require congressional approval and can be implemented quickly.

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Many experts say that the expansion decision is the first step to future cooperation, including a more comprehensive and rigorous contract for the future. But no one expects the talks to be easy.

"It's hard to understand why the Trump administration does not like the new space," said Lynn Ruston, who coordinated the original agreement on the Foreign Ministry and the rest of the US government.

Rustan said the effort to include arms control talks in Beijing between now and New Star's February deadline represents a "really challenging proposition", particularly after the recent American outbreak of coronavirus virus in China's Wuhan city.

"It's an atmosphere. On the one hand, relations are deteriorating fast. On the other hand, we are pressing for them to come to the table to discuss their nuclear weapons." "As far as I can see, there is a lot of internal inconsistency in the message and the message."

In these talks, Marshall Billingsley, America's top spokesman and current president's special envoy on arms control, said China had recently overturned the nuclear structure, labeling it "unstable" and engaging with the US and Russia. Is. But on Monday, from Vienna, he tweeted, "China is not a show."

"If China wants to become a great power, we know it has to have a self-image and it needs to behave the same way," he said in a video call recorded last month by the Hudson Institute in Washington DC. Tank Host.

He criticized Russia, arguing that the country has repeatedly failed to abide by international agreements, including agreements on international skies, giving countries the freedom to snap their territories by air. Last month, the US announced it was breaking the deal.

"New Start] doesn't mean you really know what the future holds," said Alex Wellerstein, a professor at the Stevens Institute of Technology in New Jersey. "And it's very difficult."

Other critics of American governance policy are even more pessimistic.

Mark Slaboda, Moscow's international affairs and security analyst, said, "We are talking about the last cornerstone of the Cold War nuclear weapons control security structure, with dual US-Russian nationality, often seen as commentators on Russian givs. State-funded media.

"If it's gone, it's Big Daddy. It's really limited to launchers and warheads on both sides. Then there's nothing left and we're in an open, multi-handed arms race around the world." "

Former British ambassador to North Korea, John Everard, who assisted in the disarmament of nuclear weapons in Belarus following the collapse of the Soviet Union, was critical of his criticism of key players.

"I don't think the American attitude has helped fully in this administration," he said, noting that the behavior of Russians and Chinese has also hampered global stability and the implementation of international agreements. "It doesn't take three for Tango."

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