China passes controversial Hong Kong national security law - Report

China passes controversial Hong Kong national security law - Report

Beijing is reported to have passed a comprehensive national security law for Hong Kong, which critics fear is threatening political independence and China's consolidation of its control over the semi-autonomous region.

Less than 40 days after Chinese lawmakers proposed the first anti-treason law, the National People's Congress Standing Committee approved the move on Tuesday, calling for isolation, terrorism, terrorism, and calls for foreign powers to be criminalized. Many Hong Kong media outlets cite unnamed sources, which the committee unanimously approved.

The act, which is internationally condemned, is a devastating blow to Hong Kong's autonomy, guaranteed in 1997 under the "one country two systems" framework for the control of China by the former British colony.

In the decades since, Hong Kong's independent journals, independent courts and legislature, as well as its own traditions and marches and parades, have not enjoyed the city's confines for civil liberties on mainland China, particularly under Xi Jinping's government. Civil society has become more fragmented.

Those differences were sharply mitigated by last year's protests - over another controversial bill in which residents viewed China as an invasion of their city - into a wider democratic movement. Officials have clarified that the law is intended to prevent protests that have created new diplomatic tensions and contribute to a growing hostile international environment for Beijing.

Beijing has accused the US and other foreign "black hands" of appealing as a way to destabilize China. The United States said Monday that it would stop exporting sensitive military goods to Hong Kong, in order to withdraw the city's unique commercial status, as China retaliated against the national security law. The US said it believes current and former Chinese officials are "responsible or complicating Hong Kong's high-level autonomy."

Legal scholars and critical residents say the law effectively destroys the firewall between a country, Hong Kong, and China, securing the city's "high level of autonomy" after 50 years. Beijing defended the move as hypocritical of other countries when it criticized China for protecting its national security.

While the mainstream media condemned the protesters as violent "riots" and "terrorists" on the mainland of China, state activists and residents have come out to support the protests in Hong Kong. The minority is punished.

According to an earlier release, the law would establish Hong Kong as a national security agency to "guide" law enforcement. It has jurisdiction over cases "under certain circumstances." If the differences arise, the Security Act repeals the Hong Kong law. The law promises to protect the civil rights of Hong Kong residents.

Jerome Cohen, an expert on Chinese law at New York University, called such language "eye candy." "Most of the provisions of the National Security Law Framework appear to violate Hong Kong law and the protections provided by the ICCPR (International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights)," he said, referring to an important international human rights treaty. Hong Kong. The one who signed it.

Legal scholars have also explained how the law was passed - by legal maneuvering which avoids Hong Kong's own legislature and the possibility of public disagreements. Previous attempts by pro-Beijing lawmakers and the government to pass a national security law have triggered widespread protests and halted it. The full draft of the law, which should be implemented immediately, was not made public before Tuesday's ratification.

Officials have promised that the law will only target a “narrow set of behaviors”, but rights advocates and observers believe it will be widely used to incite dissent.

"The right to properly draw up crimes is an axiomatic right to criminal law, but they are open to abuse of conscience and accusers. This is certainly the case in China," said Martin S. Flaherty, a visiting law professor at Princeton University who specializes in human rights in China.

He said special detention centers for accused in national security matters could turn to "violence, abuse investigations, and forced confessions."

Leading activists are expected to arrest them shortly after the law comes into force. Over the past year, police have arrested more than 9,000 protesters, including pro-democracy lawmakers and activists who have focused internationally on the Hong Kong cause.

However, experts believe that this measure will strengthen resistance in Hong Kong in the long run, increasing the possibility of further instability.

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