The Iranian cave is estimated to be over 63,000 years old.



Nearly a decade of archaeological excavations at the Tehran-Kaldar cave concludes that parts of this western Iranian refuge have been around for over 63,000 years.


CHTN quotes Iranian archaeologist Behroz Bazgir as saying, "After a decade of studying the cultural evidence from three seasons of archaeological excavations at the Kaldar cave, recent results suggest that there is a paleolithic layer at the center of the cave." As it says on Sunday.

Kaldar is a major archaeological site that provides the basis for the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition in Iran. The cave is located in the North Khorramabad Valley of Lorestan Province and at an altitude of 1,290 meters above sea level. It is 16 meters long, 17 meters wide and seven meters high.


Last year, one of the most important archaeological discoveries of Iranian history, the cave offers new evidence for its paleolithic inhabitants; Including the tradition of making [stone] tools of the Middle Palaeolithic and Upper Paleolithic ages.

Excavations at this site in 2014–2015 have uncovered the cultural remains associated with anatomically advanced humans (AMH) and evidence of the Neanderthal-built industry in the basal layers. This provides an opportunity to study the technical differences between Monster and previous Upper Paleolithic technologies, as well as human behavior in this field.

Last year, archaeologists unearthed stone tools and fossil skulls attributed to Homo sapiens. Also found in the cave are pieces of weapons made by Neanderthals.

In taxonomy, the extinct human race is only Homo sapiens. The name is Latin for "wise man" and was introduced by Carl Linnaeus (he was also a model) in 1758. Neanderthal Homo is an extinct species or subspecies of ancient humans that lived in Eurasia from about 400,000 to about 40,000 years ago.

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