The life of American slaves as seen through historical films


In the middle of the 17th century, America began importing Africans to use as slaves. Here is his fight as seen through historical pictures and documents


1. Forced to kidnap and slavery


Thousands of people from Central and West Africa were taken to the New World in the 17th and 1860s, enslaved in cargo conditions in cargo ships.


Slave traders kidnapped people from their home countries. Many slaves were carried in cargo ships and confined to plank beds with small rooms to move. The profits came first, so the merchants packed the ships into the gills and provided no basic necessities.


According to the New York Public Library, about 388,000 Africans came to the United States during that period.


But no more than 83,000 people survived the trip. They died during the Middle Passage or on their way from Africa to the Atlantic.


2. are viewed as property


Slaves were marketed as cattle, regardless of their age, sex or marital status.


3. The family has broken up


Slave families were not necessarily sold to the same owner. The death or bankruptcy of the owner, in particular, may be divided and sold to the family as separate owners.


"I didn't know the whole family would be together until everyone grew up in my life. Almost always, every family has a brighter and brighter, or some other dull and stubborn slave. The effect is that they fear one another. "The former slave, Louis Clark, wrote in his article of Louis Clark."



4. Get a cruel punishment

The treatment of slaves is usually cruel and humiliating and is designed to break their spirit and enforce obedience. Literacy has been discouraged or restricted to prevent deportation or rebel efforts.

Slave owners demanded that their victims be enslaved, raped, and sexually assaulted. As punishment, slave owners used iron coconut to prevent their slaves from eating. They are often prohibited from eating products from planted gardens.

5. Multi is a child

Historians and former slaves have documented that rape against slave women is common. Laws classify slave mothers' children as slaves regardless of their father's race or status.

In her autobiography, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, African-American writer Harriet Jacobs, who survived slavery, writes that her mentor is, "to my knowledge, the father of eleven slaves."

6. Slave pro states vs free states

Many northern states abolished slavery, and southern and pro-slavery politicians knew their slaves were fleeing from free states. To prevent this, in 1793 and 1850, Congress passed laws requiring the return of enslaved slaves from their employers, mostly in another state.

The Fugitive Slaves Act seized many freed blacks, who sold them into slavery. So some blacks have taken statements to warn their fellow blacks about potential dangers.

7. Statement to Missing Relatives

After its liberation in 1865, blacks used segregated newspaper ads when they sold their loved ones, friends, and family to other plant breeders.

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